WHAT IS THE JUBILEE
On the Jubilee year the pope grants plenary indulgence (that is to say, forgivness of all sins and reconciliation) to the devotees who come on pilgrimage to Rome and carry out religious practices of penance.
The jubilee is also called "Holy Year" because it promotes holiness in daily life; its origin goes back to an ancient Jewish holiday from which it takes its name as well (the word comes indeed from yōbēl, connected to "goat", as the sound of a goat horn used to mark the start of the celebrations).
The first jubilee in history was proclaimed in 1300; after several events, a norm was established that sets the jubilee frequency every 25 years. This corresponds to the so called ordinary jubilee. Nonetheless, it occurs at times an extraordinary jubilee, which is organized under particular circumstances. This is precisely the type of jubilee Pope Francis proclaimed for the year 2015-2016.
The Holy Year officially starts when the pope opens the so-called Holy Door in St. Peter’s basilica: it is a richly decorated portal that is only open during the jubilee year. The door represents the path to salvation which is offered to the believers.There are four Holy Doors in Rome located in the four major basilicas: St. Peter’s (whose opening inaugurates the Jubilee), St. John Lateran’s, St. Mary Major’s and St. Paul’s outside the walls (where the doors are opened some days after the official beginning of the Holy Year).
EVENTS & CELEBRATIONS CALENDAR
The official website of the Jubilee of Mercy provides with any information related to the scheduled events between December 2015 and November 2016: http://www.iubilaeummisericordiae.va/content/gdm/en.html
We list them below
[SOURCE: Pontifical Council for the Promotion of New Evangelization, Vatican State. All rights reserved.].
December 8: solemnity of the Immaculate Conception, opening of the Holy Door of St. Peter’s basilica.
December 13: III Sunday of Advent; opening of the Holy Door of the Basilica of St. John Lateran and in the Cathedrals of the world.
January 1: solemnity of Mary, the Holy Mother of God; World Day for Peace; opening of the Holy Door of the Basilica of Saint Mary Major.
January 19 - 21: jubilee for those Engaged in Pilgrimage Work
January 25: feast of the Conversion of St. Paul; opening of the Holy Door of the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls; “Jubilee” sign of the Holy Father: witness of the works of mercy.
February 2: feast of the Presentation of the Lord and the Day for Consecrated Life; jubilee for Consecrated Life and the closing of the Year for Consecrated Life.
February 10: Ash Wednesday; sending forth of the Missionaries of Mercy, St. Peter’s Basilica.
February 22: feast of the Chair of St. Peter; jubilee for the Roman Curia; “Jubilee” sign of the Holy Father: witness of the works of mercy.
March 4 and 5: “24 Hours for the Lord” with a penitential liturgy in St. Peter’s Basilica on the afternoon of March 4.
March 20: Palm Sunday; diocesan day for youth in Rome; “Jubilee” sign of the Holy Father: witness of the works of mercy.
April 3: Divine Mercy Sunday; jubilee for those who are devoted to the spirituality of Divine Mercy.
April 24: V Sunday of Easter; jubilee for young boys and girls (ages 13 – 16) “To profess the faith and construct a culture of mercy”; “Jubilee” sign of the Holy Father: witness of the works of mercy.
May 27 – 29: solemnity of Corpus Christi in Italy, jubilee for deacons.
June 3: solemnity of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus, jubilee for priests; 160 years since the introduction of the Feast by Pius IX in 1856.
June 12: XI Sunday of Ordinary Time; jubilee for those who are ill and for persons with disabilities; “Jubilee” sign of the Holy Father: witness of the works of mercy.
July 26 – 31: to conclude on the XVIII Sunday of Ordinary Time; jubilee for young people; World Youth Day in Crakow (Poland).
September 4: XXIII Sunday of Ordinary Time; memorial of Blessed Teresa of Calcutta.
September 5: jubilee for workers and volunteers of mercy.
September 25: XXVI Sunday of Ordinary Time; jubilee for catechists
October 8 and 9: Saturday and Sunday after the Memorial of Our Lady of the Rosary; Marian Jubilee
November 1: solemnity of All Saints; Holy Mass celebrated by the Holy Father in memory of the faithful departed.
November 6: XXXII Sunday of Ordinary Time; jubilee for prisoners in St. Peter’s Basilica.
November 13: XXXIII Sunday of Ordinary Time; closing of the Holy Doors in the Basilicas of Rome and in the Dioceses of the world.
November 20: solemnity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, King of the Universe; closing of the Holy Door of St. Peter’s Basilica and the conclusion of the Jubilee of Mercy.