Pope Innocent X (originally Cardinal Giambattista Pamphili), in addition to…
Just like urban fabric of Rome, Castel Sant’Angelo is an amalgamation of different historic periods.
First built between 135 and 139 A.D, it was designed as a mausoleum and funerary monument for emperor Hadrian, marble statues and cypress trees sat atop the tomb as well as a massive bronze quadriga.
By the 14th century , the fortress was being converted into a castle by Pope Nicholas III, complete with impenetrable dungeons use to detain the enemies of the church, sometimes indefinitely, and a raised escape passage.
In the height of the Renaissance, Pope III, converted the castle into a luxurious papal residence, with frescoed walls, stuccoed ceilings and rich furnishings, now is one of the most visited museums of the city.
Every summer, the Castel San’t Angelo is a hub of after-dark activity, with concerts, events, tours and even a restaurant set up on its ramparts.
All months, not only the castle opens its doors long after its regular closing time, but several sections of the site that are generally inaccessible are open to the public.
The Medieval prisons, the Stufetta of Pope Clemente VII, and the most intriguing: the Passetto, can all be visited with free guided tour in English, Italian, Spanish and French.
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